Our class meets on Wednesdays 4:30 p.m. to 5:20 p.m. in room 209 An. Sci. Bldg. Below is the tentative course schedule for Spring 2013. From this page, you can download readings and handouts, and —after login with your UW-Net ID— access the study guides: quizzes and mini-essays, as well as the blog page for each day of class.
|Part I - Worldwide Overview of Population, Food, Livestock Agriculture, and Trade|
|1||01/23||Introduction to the Seminar and Mexico Summer Field Program|
|2||01/30||World Population, Migration, Food and Environment|
|3||02/06||Environmental Impacts of Human Consumption and Populations|
|4||02/13||The Roles of Livestock in Developing Countries|
|5||02/20||Livestock Revolution: Changing Global Food Demand|
|6||02/27||Livestock Revolution "at the Ground Level"|
|7||03/06||The Global Trade Game||Blog 7|
|8||03/13||Midterm instructions, examples and presentation schedule|
|9||03/20||Midterm instructions, examples and presentation schedule|
|Part II - Mexico - U.S. Agricultural Relations: Immigration and Trade|
|10||04/03||US - Mexico Trade: The Corn Stories|
|11||04/10||Introduction to Immigration Issues|
|12||04/17||Stories of Mexican Immigrant Workers on Dairy farms|
|Part III - Mexican Dairy Industry|
|13||04/24||Mexico's Dairy Industry — U.S. Perspectives — NAFTA|
|14||05/01||Mexico's Dairy Industry — Dairy as an Opportunity for Small-holders|
|15||05/08||Mexico's Dairy Industry — Trends, Challenges and Sustainability|
|05/15||Final Exam Due at 5:00 pm in the dropbox|
Synopsis: Today in class we will introduce the course and this website where you will find all the materials and information you need to be successful in this course. We will take the time for everyone to introduce themselves
Synopsis: World population estimates now are much lower than "The Population Bomb" idea of 1968 previously thought. With fewer people being born and living longer, many countries are facing a workforce crisis as population structures get top-heavy with retirees, and not enough young people to replace them. The environmental impact of an expected 3 billion extra people in the world will depend on human behavior, not in the numbers.
Synopsis: Americans (that is, Citizens of the United States of America) are big consumers and we really like to eat meat. Along with other developed countries, U.S. residents consume the world's resources at unsustainable rates. Developing countries are fast following in our footsteps, but the world cannot sustain human populations if everyone consumes at the same level as we do. How do we make sure that the additional 3 billion people by 2050 can live a decent life without destroying on the planet's natural resources?
Optional Materials: Environmental Cost of transporting food around the world.
Synopsis: After discussing broad world wide issues, we start focusing now on the situation in developing countries. This first reading will set the stage for the next two weeks' discussion on the Livestock Revolution
Synopsis: With increasing "middle class" population (i.e., number of people with higher incomes an living standards) in developing countries, there is greater consumer demand for meat and milk products. In many developing regions, national production does not currently meet national demand for meat and milk. This discrepancy provides a livelihood opportunity for the rural poor in developing countries. The term coined by international experts of the World Food Organization (FAO) as the Livestock Revolution refers to the potential (if governmental policies are set correctly) to alleviate rural poverty and foster strong rural economies in developing countries, by helping small holders (poor farmers) to serve their own national market for meat and milk.
Readings and Resource Materials: Meating and Milking Global Demand: Stakes for Small-Scale Farmers in Developing Countries | Practice Quiz
Synopsis: Livestock agriculture is very diverse between developed and developing countries. In many regions, livestock have different roles on farms and contribute more to the livelihood of the farmers - especially resource poor farms - than just a source for meat and milk products.Reading Materials: The Livestock Revolution: An opportunity for Poor Farmers? | Global Facts About Livestock Data Table from a recent FAO publication | Practice Quiz
Optional Reading Materials: Animal Herders of 23 Lands Meet and Swap Stories | Discussion
Optional Presentations: Roles and Contributions of Livestock in Developing Nations (a 5.5 MB pps file) | Chinese Agriculture and Dairy Industry
Synopsis: Free trade does not necessarily mean trade that is equal and fair. More often than not international trade benefits corporate agribusiness, which receives billions in taxpayer subsidies over small farmers, and guarantees continuing poverty and a harvest of bitterness among third-world farmers.Readings and Resource Materials:
Synopsis: Like in many other developing countries entering global trade, there have been definite winners and losers in the opening of Mexico's economy, especially under NAFTA, or the North American Free Trade Agreement (between the U.S., Mexico, and Canada). At the same time Mexico sees an increase in market opportunities, it also faces environmental degradation, a loss of biological genetic diversity, and a rise in economic and food insecurity among its people.
Readings and Resource Materials: Mexico Rises (3.6 MB) | Why Mexico's Small Corn Farmers Go Hungry | Science and Culture Clash in a Mexican Staple: Corn | Practice Quiz
Optional Materials: U.S.-Mexico Corn Trade During the NAFTA Era: New Twists to an Old Story | Summary
Food for Thought:
Synopsis: One result of NAFTA is an increase in immigration between Mexico and the U.S. But not all Mexican immigrants coming to the U.S. are equal and not all of them are poor. Demographic and economic changes in Mexico in the early 1990s encouraged Mexican migration to the United States. However, future demographic and economic shifts - an aging population reaching retirement age and a growing economy meaning more jobs available domestically - are likely to stem some of the numbers of emigrants in the long run.
Optional Audio: Listen to a visiting scientist from Mexico who learned for himself stories of illegal immigrants who live in the Mexican Neighborhood of Chicago in the spring of 2012. (Smaller audio-File)
Food for Thought:
Synopsis: The U.S. agricultural industry relies heavily on immigrant labor for everything from picking produce to milking cows. Dairy producers and Latino workers have formed an interdependent relationship; at the same time they need each other, they sometimes have a hard time "understanding" each other.
Readings and Resource Materials: The original US News video on the federal agents raid of the Sandhills Dairy (North Dakota) has been removed, but an alternative video was posted later at the "Bad Cop" channel as: Operator Raided, Owner unhappy | Los Braceros: Lost in the Heartland | Practice Quiz
Food for Thought:
Synopsis: There is a large disparity between Mexico's national milk consumption and production; Mexico's dairy industry cannot supply consumer demand for milk. Through NAFTA, the U.S. dairy industry has been able to take advantage of Mexican's national milk deficit and has exported products to Mexico, historically mostly in the form of non-fat dry milk, but more recently in the form of value-added products such as ice cream and cheese. For the first time in 2011, Mexico imported more than $1 billion of dairy products from the U.S.
Readings and Resource Materials: A 2012 Bird's Eye View of the Mexican Dairy Industry | A look at the Mexican Dairy industry between 2004 and 2008 A study of the Mexican Dairy Sector (please read executive summary pages 1 & 2 only) | Highlights of a 2002 study of Mexico's Dairy Industry Under NAFTA | Practice Quiz.
For class activity: NAFTA background handout.
Optional Materials: USDA-Economic Research Service Mexico - U.S. Agricultural Trade Statistics (May 2011) | USDA-Foreign Agricultural Services North America Free Trade Agreement- Agricultural Fact sheet (January 2008) highly recommended | Will Mexcio become self-sufficient? | USDA report on the Changes in the U.S. Dairy Sector 1991-2002 | The Dairy Industries of Mexico, Central America, Argentina and Brazil
Food for Thought:
Synopsis: Even as Mexico's dairy industry is changing and evolving along a similar path as the U.S., towards larger and more specialized dairy farms with higher production capabilities, Mexico's agriculture industry is still dominated by diversified smallholders and subsistence farmers. Livestock and the way they contribute to a farm's livelihood depends on the farming system in which the farm belongs.
Readings and Resource Materials: The Contribution of Livestock to Small Holder Livelihood: The Situation in Mexico | San Felipe Slide Show - Other Species | Alculco Slide Show - Dairy | Practice Quiz
NEW !!! — Should I Buy a Milking Machine? -- A Case Study of technology adoption by smallholder dairy producers in the highlands of central Mexico (notes: requires Java script).
Optional Materials: Mexican Dairy Industry in Pictorial Review of Dairy Systems
Food for Thought:
Synopsis: Mexico's dairy industry is characterized by three main dairy production systems: dual-purpose, familial, and specialized. Because each system has its own characteristics as well as being regionally diverse, Mexico lacks a national dairy policy and industry structure.Readings and Resource Materials: Contrast and Challenges of the Mexican Dairy Industry, a Hoard's Dairyman article | On the ground assessment of Dairying in the State of Jalisco (2.6 Mb pdf) (Read executive summary pages 2-5) | Practice Quiz
Optional Materials: Mexican Dairy Production and Support System: A National Perspective (Translated from "Lechería Familiar Factores de Exito Para el Negocio. Escoto et al., 2001) | Presentation: Jenny Blazek: Survey of Mexican Dairy Farmers
|Keywords:||Syllabus 375 course description schedule international agriculture Mexico dairy industry||Doc ID:||989|
|Owner:||Michel W.||Group:||Dairy Science 375|
|Created:||2012-01-16 19:00 CDT||Updated:||2013-05-05 10:32 CDT|
|Sites:||Dairy Science 375|